July 10, 2008
Some quick facts:
Theobald Wolfe Tone 1791 – 1828
*Founded the Society of United Irishmen
*Made a serious effort to bring Catholic & Protestants together
*Chose to commit suicide rather than be executed by the English
Robert Emmet (1778 – 1803)
*His father was a physician
*Ended up a fugitive due to some rash actions on the part of some of his followers
*Executed in a manner similar to that of William Wallace (aka Braveheart)
Charles Stewart Parnell (1846 – 1891)
*Was nicknamed the “Uncrowned King of Ireland”, most famous for his support of home rule and land reforms
*Had an American-born mother
*Is buried in the same cemetary as Michael Collins
Roger Casement (1864-1916)
*He had an Anglican father and Catholic mother, was raised Anglican, and converted to Catholicism the night before his death
*Received knighthood in 1911 for humanitarian efforts, but was later stripped of it for supporting the Irish cause
*Was behind an unsuccessful effort to gain German support for the Irish rebellion
Robert Erskine Childers (1870–1922)
*Was vocal in denouncing British action during the Second Boer War
*Smuggled German weapons for the Easter Rebellion aboard his yacht
*Killed by Irish Free state agents
Countless Irish men & women, Catholic, Anglican, Presbyterian, those of other faiths or no faith, gave their lives or otherwise labored for freedom for their fellow Irish. Let’s make sure they’re always remembered!
April 16, 2008
Many misconceptions exist regarding the Anglican church, and the Anglican Communion. The Anglican Communion refers to the Anglican church worldwide. No single Anglican church has autonomy over all others. Each national church, such as the ECUSA (The Episcopal Church in the United States) has autonomy, a presiding bishop, and bishops elected to each diocese. Churches in full communion with the Church of England comprise the Anglican Communion.
The Celtic church in Ireland traces its origins back to the time of St. Patrick, when the church was centered around monastic communities. The Irish Church is considered to be both Catholic and Reformed, since Henry Vlll was named the head of the Irish church by the Parliament of Ireland during the Reformation. At that time the Church of England severed ties with the Roman Catholic Church. When the Church of England was reformed by Edward Vl, so was the Church of Ireland.
During the Reformation, the Irish church underwent more radical changes due mainly to the doctrines of John Calvin. However the Bishop of Armagh authored the Irish Articles which were adopted in 1615, and accepted along with the Thirty Nine Articles, the official doctrine of the Church of England. The Thirty Nine Articles are now the official doctrine of the Church of Ireland.
The first Irish translation of the New Testament was published in 1602, and the translation of the Old Testament was published in 1680 by the Archbishop of Dublin. The translation of the Book of Common Prayer of 1662 (the official prayerbook of the Church of England and the Anglican Communion) was published in 1712.
Although there are Anglo-Catholic parishes, referred to as High Church, the majority of the churches in Ireland are consideered more Low Church. The Church of Ireland has two cathedrals, Christ Church Cathedral, and St. Patrick’s Cathedral, both located in Dublin. However there are cathedrals in other dioceses as well.
The majority of Anglicans numbering 75%, live in Northern Ireland. During the last century there was a decline in the membership both in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland, but the Republic has experienced more growth since the church has relaxed standards about children of mixed marriages being brought up in the Roman Catholic faith, Anglicans moving to Ireland, and Roman Catholics who have left the Catholic church in favor of Anglicanism.
Recent developments in the church have left their mark on every parish, and we can only pray that resolutions will be found to overcome challenges facing the Irish church and restore the stability of the Anglican Communion worldwide.